AIDS Epidemic Update 2006 by World Health Organization PDF

By World Health Organization

ISBN-10: 9291735426

ISBN-13: 9789291735426

This flagship file provides the thought of perspectives at the country of the HIV/AIDS epidemic of the Joint United countries Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS). It comprises research of the entire points of the epidemic, from the unfold of HIV, to remedies, to the provision of assets. It additionally presents country-by-country figures on its quantity.

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Extra info for AIDS Epidemic Update 2006

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Varying considerably from region to region, infection levels were found to be lowest in the West Nile (less than 3%) and highest (more than 9%) in Kampala, and in the Central and North-Central regions (Ministry of Health Uganda, 2005). Such findings are echoed in the ongoing longitudinal study in Rakai. That study found that more than two thirds of sexually active women Data from select antenatal clinic sentinel surveillance sites with a declining trend in HIV prevalence, Kenya 1997–2004 50 % HIV prevalence 40 30 Busia Kitui Nairobi Thika Meru Nyeri Garissa 20 10 0 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 Year Source: Ministry of Health – National AIDS/STD Control Programme (NASCOP), HIV Sentinel Surveillance 2004 Figure 9 What happened in Uganda?

There is a significant overlap of sex work 34 1998; changing inclusion criteria, however, make it difficult to directly compare HIV data from the various studies (NACO, 2004b). Elsewhere the epidemics among drug injectors appear to be well established, with HIV prevalence having reached 14% in Nagaland in 2000–2003, for example (NACO, 2004b). Injecting drug use is not limited to the country’s northern states. There has been a sharp rise in HIV infections among drug injectors in the southern state of Tamil Nadu, where 39% were HIVinfected in 2003, compared with 25% in 2001 (NACO, 2004b).

2004). Mauritius and Seychelles thus far have not experienced epidemics on the scale experienced elsewhere in the region. However, in Mauritius HIV is EAST AFRICA East Africa continues to provide the most hopeful indications that serious AIDS epidemics can be reversed. The countrywide drop in HIV prevalence among pregnant women seen in Uganda since the mid-1990s is now being mirrored in urban parts of Kenya, where infection levels are dropping, in some places quite steeply. In both countries, behavioural changes are likely to have contributed to the trend shifts.

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AIDS Epidemic Update 2006 by World Health Organization

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