By Nicholas Hagger
Within the New Philosophy of Universalism Nicholas Hagger defined a brand new philosophy that restates the order in the universe, the oneness of humankind and an unlimited truth perceived as gentle; and its purposes in lots of disciplines, together with literature. during this paintings of literary Universalism, which consists of ahead the pondering in T.S. Eliot's 'Tradition and the person Talent' and different essays, Hagger lines the basic subject matter of worldwide literature, which has alternating metaphysical and secular facets: a quest for fact and immortality; and condemnation of social vices relating to an implied advantage. on the grounds that classical instances those antithetical traditions have periodically been synthesised by way of Universalists. Hagger units out the area Universalist literary culture: the writers who from precedent days have dependent their paintings at the primary Universalist subject. those are available within the Graeco-Roman international, the center a long time and Renaissance, within the Baroque Age, within the Neoclassical, Romantic Victorian and Modernist classes, and within the glossy time. He demonstrates that the Universalist sensibility is a synthesis of the metaphysical and secular traditions, and a mixture of the Romantic encouraged mind's eye (the internal school through which Romantic poets approached the sunshine) and the Neoclassical imitative method of literature which emphasizes social order and percentage, a mixture present in the Baroque time of the Metaphysical poets, and in Victorian and Modernist literature. Universalists convey their cross-disciplinary sensibility in literary epic, as did Homer, Virgil, Dante and Milton, and in a couple of genres inside literature - and in heritage and philosophy. Universalist historians declare that each civilisation is nourished through a metaphysical imaginative and prescient that's expressed in its artwork, and while it declines secular, materialist writings lose touch with its relevant imaginative and prescient. As Universalist literary works restate the order in the universe, demonstrate metaphysical Being and restoration the imaginative and prescient of truth, Hagger excitingly argues that the Universalist sensibility renews Western civilisation's wellbeing and fitness. Literary Universalism is a circulation that revives the metaphysical outlook and combines it with the secular, materialistic method of literature that has predominated in recent years. it might probably perform a revolution in proposal and tradition and supply a brand new path in modern literature. This paintings conveys Universalism's influence on literature, and will be learn through all who've matters concerning the affliction and decline of up to date European/Western tradition.
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Extra info for A New Philosophy of Literature: The Fundamental Theme and Unity of World Literature
A n d do you know w hat w as torm en tin g m e at this tim e— the difficulty, the im possibility p erh ap s, o f reach in g san ctity by the road o f p ag an ism ; and w hen you sp ok e to m e, C la u d e l, o f o n e ’s “ abso lu te duty to be a sa in t,” did you guess th at you co u ld n o t h a v e said an y th in g to w h ich I sh ou ld react m ore v iolen tly ? A h ! H ow righ t 1 was to be ap p reh en sive o f m eetin g you! ”4 W h at was th is a cc ep tab le b attlegrou n d ? T h a t o f C h rist again st the C h u rch e s?
I am a t a tu rn in g p o in t where I w ant to deprive m yself, o n ce an d for all, o f th is en tirely in tellectu al ton e o f argu m en tatio n , w hich is too m u ch the to n e o f “ re ason in g” [l’avoir rai son], a n d rejoin an em o tio n al level th at w ould bear m e up to the fin al shore. ”1T h is sam e n eed seem s to sh arpen th e taste for G o d ; it testifies in i. C h arles Du Bos, Journal intime, v. 4 (Paris: C orrea, 1950), p. 72. G I D E , DU B O S , A N D T H E D E M O N 21 certain tem peram en ts to th e d issatisfactio n w ith w hich th eir co m m erce w ith d iv in e realities leaves th e rr^ M o re th an o n e page o f the Jou rnal reco u n ts th at, for C h a rle s Du Bos, th ese realities b elon ged to th e dom ain o f sen sib le e x p e rien ce, an d th at religiou s life— rather th an the em an cip ation o f the a e sth e te ’s jouissance— is the suprem e o b je ct o f th is jouissance.
For if it seem s to him to h av e the p o sitiv e virtu e o f th e damonische defin ed by G o eth e , w h ich , as D u Bos rep eats, is n o t sa ta n ic in th e C h ristian sen se, G id e is to o well versed w ith the m etam orp h oses o f th e D ev il to p lace any trust in such a flatterin g— because also u n ilateral— d efin itio n o f the demonic. 10 But e x a m in in g th ese tex ts closely, on e n o tic es th at only o n e th in g is in q u es tion: w h ether he is fooled by h is ow n ration alization s in the course o f d ia logues im provised w ithin his heart o f hearts.
A New Philosophy of Literature: The Fundamental Theme and Unity of World Literature by Nicholas Hagger