By Ugur Muldur, Fabienne Corvers, Henri Delanghe, Jim Dratwa, Daniela Heimberger, Brian Sloan, Sandrijn Vanslembrouck, J. Potocnik
More than a century in the past Louis Pasteur saw that “Science understands no state, simply because wisdom belongs to humanity, and is the torch which illuminates the world”. His comment has all of the extra resonance this present day with the expanding globa- sation of technological know-how, know-how, and trade. however it additionally underlines an incredible fact: that technological know-how has continuously complex such a lot swiftly whilst it's a collective endeavour, with a powerful move of data. by way of forging cooperation in examine, Europe has a powerful music list. This 12 months, the ecu Union’s Framework Programme for examine and Technological improvement celebrates its twentieth birthday. it's the world’s greatest programme in aid of transnational study, selling cooperation, coor- country, and mobility throughout borders. The yr 2007 will see the release of the seventh Framework Programme, the largest and so much bold to this point. This booklet will convey how the recent Framework Programme was once prepare and clarify why it took the form it did. it is going to additionally set out its strength affects and the stipulations useful for it to be successful. within the tough new international economic system, wisdom is Europe’s most useful source, and i'm confident that, with its extraordinary scale and scope, the seventh Framework Programme is the appropriate approach for a Europe that desires to growth in the direction of a knowledge-based economic system. despite the fact that, the Framework Programme is just a truly modest a part of overall public R&D spending in Europe, the majority of that's conducted through nationwide governments.
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Extra resources for A New Deal for an Effective European Research Policy: The Design and Impacts of the 7th Framework Programme
67. 17 European Commission, Employment in Europe 2005, Luxembourg, 2005, p. 17. 18 Second, Europe also scores lower than the United States in terms of the number of hours worked annually per employee (Fig. 19 For a long time, the low employment rate and number of hours worked annually per employee were explained with reference to the European emphasis on work-life balance. 20 This lack of employment opportunities is clear from the high unemployment rates. 4 million Europeans were out of work. 0 per cent of the labour force, some 4 percentage points higher than the rates in the United States and Japan (Fig.
The Economic Returns to Basic Research and the Benefits of University-Industry Relationships – A Literature Review and Update of Findings, Report for the OST by SPRU. 58 European Commission, Employment in Europe 2003, Luxembourg, 2003, p. 42. 25 CHALLENGES TO THE EUROPEAN EXCEPTION Sector Total employment Knowledge intensive services Total high-tech sector 0 2 4 6 8 10 12 14 16 18 Percentage growth Fig. 12. 3. S&T and the ageing and poverty challenges Through its contribution to product, process and service innovation, productivity growth, and the creation of more and higher paid jobs, research and innovation can also help meet the challenges of ageing and cohesion.
Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Environmental Outlook, Paris: OECD, 2001. The World Bank. World Development Report 2003: Sustainable Development in a Dynamic World. New York: World Bank, 2003. Ehrlich, Paul and Anne Ehrlich. One With Niveneh: Politics, Consumption, and the Human Future. Washington, DC: Island Press, 2004. Speth, James Gustave, Red Sky at Morning: America and the Crisis of the Global Environment. New Haven: Yale Univ. Press, 2004. 1. What are the main environmental challenges?
A New Deal for an Effective European Research Policy: The Design and Impacts of the 7th Framework Programme by Ugur Muldur, Fabienne Corvers, Henri Delanghe, Jim Dratwa, Daniela Heimberger, Brian Sloan, Sandrijn Vanslembrouck, J. Potocnik