Read e-book online A Dictionary of Ancient Near Eastern Mythology PDF

By Gwendolyn Leick

ISBN-10: 0415198119

ISBN-13: 9780415198110

The Dictionary of historical close to japanese Mythology covers assets from Mesopotamia, Syro-Palestine and Anatolia, from round 2800 to three hundred BC. It comprises entries on gods and goddesses, giving facts in their worship in temples, describing their 'character', as documented via the texts, and defining their roles in the physique of mythological narratives; synoptic entries on myths, giving where of starting place of major texts and a short background in their transmission throughout the a while; and entries explaining using professional terminology, for things like different types of Sumerian texts or forms of mythological figures.

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Extra resources for A Dictionary of Ancient Near Eastern Mythology

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Although this composition is so far the longest, there exist various others, especially among the Eršemma-texts, which describe events surrounding the death of Dumuzi. They contain lengthy references to burial rites and other rituals, as well as lamentations. The order of events can vary and Dumuzi’s mother, Sÿ irtur, takes part in the searching and the mourning. One eršemma (Cohen) includes an etiological ‘mini-myth’ which explains 33 DUMUZI why flies are found in alehouses, fruit containers and around cattle.

Best known from mythological texts is the Ugaritic Baal, also known as Baal-Hadad, or Hadad, since he became identified with the Mesopotamian Adad. He was the central deity of Ugarit; most Ugaritic personal names contained the actual name Baal, or one of his epithets, and at least two temples were dedicated to him. As a weather-god, Baal is one of the most important deities for the western parts of the Near East. As rkb ’rpt, ‘the rider of the clouds’, he is manifest in the storms which herald the autumn season with thunder and lightning, the rain-swollen clouds and the coastal breeze.

In view of the conceptual connection the Babylonians made between the steppe and the Underworld, the goddess was also associated with the realm of the dead, where she functioned as a scribe. e-ri was identified with the Sumerian goddess Geštinanna. Edzard, WdM 1965, 46 Berossus A Babylonian priest who lived under the reign of the Seleucid king Antiochus I (3rd C BC). He is known as the author of a volume called Babyloniaca. It was written in Greek. Only fragments of some mythological accounts are preserved, mainly in the form of quotations by later Greek writers.

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A Dictionary of Ancient Near Eastern Mythology by Gwendolyn Leick

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