By K.E. Michelson
This paintings is predicated on my 1983 doctoral dissertation submitted to the dept of Linguistics at Harvard college, even though it represents an in depth revision and reorganization of that paintings. quite a lot of fabric that weren't inside the unique were extra, and components that handle theoretical matters that, a minimum of in the meanwhile, have receded into the historical past, were passed over. Many colleagues and associates have contributed to my sustained fascina tion with in addition to my realizing of lroquoian linguistics. to begin with, i'm thankful to the Iroquois who've contributed their profound knowl facet and their friendship in the course of my learn: Elda Antone, Mercy Doxtator, Dayton Doxtator, Reg Henry, Frank Natawe, the past due Georgina Nicholas, Catherine Norton, Mike Norton. the past due Sanford Schenandoah, and Norma Sickles. I additionally deeply have fun with being a part of a close-knit and supportive group of lroquoian linguists, and specifically I thank Cliff Abbott, Wallace Chafe, Mike Foster, Marianne Mithun, and Hanni Woodbury for offering reviews at the dissertation. i've got additionally benefited from, and price hugely, super stimulating conversations with Floyd Lounsbury within the previous few years. The effect of my advisers and associates should be obtrusive in the course of the paintings. I thank in particular Nick Clements, Ives Goddard, Jochem Schindler, Robin Barr, Harry Bochner, Brian Doherty, Mark Hale, and Phil LeSourd.
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Extra info for A Comparative Study of Lake-Iroquoian Accent
Examples from Mohawk are: (184) a'sharer w-arshar-r knife NA-knife-NSF (185) ct. tewarsha'rake two knives DU-NA-knife-JOIN-be many-STAT (186) otsha· tar yo-tshat-ar cloud NP-c1oud-NSF (187) d. yotsha· toter yo-tshat-oH it's steaming NP-c1oud-stand-ST A T te-w-a(shar-a-ke-O In Onondaga, on the other hand, verb forms are also affected (d. Chafe, 1970a, pp. 79-80): (188) otekhar yo-(a)tek-ha( it's burning NP-burn-HAB (189) d. uo' te' kar ~-yo-( a)tek -a( it will burn FUT-NP-burn-PUNC (190) akyorter wak-yort( ~)-e( I'm working 1P-work-HAB (191) cf.
Hr(a)-e-? He went FACT-MA-go-STAT Inflected words that do not have two vowels at the stage when accent is assigned receive an initial prothetic i so that they will have regular penultimate accent. s She, it is walking around ZA-walk-HAB The following example with an initial prothetic i also shows that Vowel Deletion must be ordered before the Mohawk Accent Rule. s He goes MA-go-HAB Vowel length in accented open syllables is formally stated in (12) as inserting a V -slot on the timing tier with concomitant spreading of the features of the preceding vowel onto the inserted V-slot.
Loss of r or I from Masculine Prefixes A number of the pronominal prefixes that indicate a masculine agent or patient may be analyzed as containing the underlying sequence hr or hI in Mohawk and Oneida. A partial list of these prefixes follows in (55); the solidus (I) separates alternants that are not accounted for by the processes described here. Onondaga, Cayuga, and Seneca have lost the *r of the prefixes. For example, corresponding to Mohawk hra-Iha- (MA), they have constant ha-. ) (55) hrahro-/hraw-/hrahrati-/hru-/hrun- 7 hroti-/hron- hri-/hriyhruwa-/hruway~ masculine singular agent (MA) masculine singular patient (MP) masculine plural agent (MpA) masculine plural patient (MpP) first person singular agent acting on a masculine singular patient (11M) feminine-indefinite or 3rd person nonsingular agent acting on masculine singular patient (F1M, Mdp/M, Zdp/M) All of these prefixes have alternants without r.
A Comparative Study of Lake-Iroquoian Accent by K.E. Michelson